Category Archives for "Analysis and Data"

Understanding the Shift: June’s Employment Report and Its Impact on Mortgage Rates

Monday saw little change in the bond market as trading volumes remained exceptionally low and volatility was minimal. The most notable movements occurred at the 8:20 AM CME open, where Treasuries quickly recovered from minor overnight losses. A brief uptick followed by a drop at the NYSE open at 9:30 AM set the stage for a day of sideways trading for both Treasuries and mortgage-backed securities (MBS), which ended the day virtually unchanged from Friday. This calm period is likely to be short-lived with upcoming Treasury auctions, Powell’s testimony, and, most critically, Thursday’s Consumer Price Index (CPI) data.

Market Movement Recap

08:48 AM Despite initial overnight weakness, bonds bounced back early in the day. MBS rose by 2 ticks (0.06), while the 10-year Treasury yield fell by 0.4 basis points to 4.277%.

11:58 AM MBS pulled back slightly to unchanged levels, and the 10-year Treasury yield rose by half a basis point to 4.287%.

03:27 PM Trading remained stable in the afternoon, with MBS up 1 tick (0.03) and the 10-year Treasury yield declining nearly 1

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Navigating Mortgage Market Volatility: Key Insights for July 2024

Today, the bond market will shut at 2 pm instead of its usual 5 pm closing time in observance of the Independence Day holiday, with a full closure scheduled for tomorrow. Despite the shortened trading hours, the bond market has performed well. However, the overall economic outlook appears less optimistic. The most notable economic update today is the ISM Services report, which fell significantly short of expectations and marked a substantial decline from previous figures. Specifically, business activity dropped sharply from 61.2 to 49.6, marking the first reading below 50 since the initial lockdowns in 2020. This shift suggests a broader economic downturn, particularly striking after last month’s exceptionally high reading. Bonds responded with heightened activity, seeing the highest data-driven trading volume since the significant increases in jobless claims and the notable miss in the Producer Price Index on June 13.

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Insights from the Mortgage Market: Key Takeaways from June 26, 2024

Bond Market Hints at Trend Shift

Over the past ten days, the bond market has shown little movement when mapped against Treasury yields. During U.S. trading hours, yields have largely remained between 4.21% and 4.29%, briefly touching but not breaking past these levels. The 4.29% ceiling has seen more action, culminating in a modest breakout today with yields finishing just under 4.32% at the 3 PM close. However, this movement wasn’t driven by major, influential events typically noted in bond-watching strategies. Factors like potential currency intervention by Japan and high inflation in Australia, while notable, pale in comparison to significant U.S. economic indicators expected soon, such as this Friday’s Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) report and other key data in early July. Any significant trend shifts will likely stem from these forthcoming reports. For now, the current market behavior represents a minor setback rather than a major trend alteration.

Economic Data and Events:

– New Home Sales: 619k versus a forecast of 640k, down from a previous 698k.

Market Movement Recap:

– 10:08 AM: Experienced moderate weakness overnight with additional selling around 9:15 AM.

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Navigating the Ever-Evolving Mortgage Market: Key Insights for 2024 and Beyond

Do you think you’re doing exceptionally well as a lender? If so, you’re not alone. The majority of lenders are enjoying profitability, driven by cost-cutting measures and income from servicing, as well as the exit of unprofitable companies. According to the latest MBA Performance Report, 59 percent of mortgage banking companies turned a profit in the first quarter.

However, the same can’t be said for our government’s financial status. The Congressional Budget Office forecasts the federal budget deficit to balloon to around $1.9 trillion this year, up from an earlier estimate of $1.5 trillion. This increase reflects higher spending on student loans, Medicaid, and a recently approved $95 billion foreign aid package. The national debt is projected to exceed $56 trillion over the next decade, equating to 122 percent of GDP, which is even higher than the 106 percent ratio post-World War II in 1946.

On the other side of the Atlantic, the eurozone is grappling with its own fiscal challenges. The European Central Bank has issued warnings to eight of its member states, including Belgium, France, and Italy, about their excessive budget deficits.

Today’s podcast, sponsored by Candor, is available online. Candor’s

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“Breaking Down the Mortgage Bonds Market: An Insightful Analysis from June 13, 2024”

In short, recent economic figures this morning promptly offset the frailty observed following the Federal Reserve’s statement yesterday, effectively reinstating the lowest interest rates achieved post the Consumer Price Index (CPI) data yesterday.

Of greater bearing is likely today’s core Producer Price Index (PPI) that records a massive beat having registered 0.0 compared to the anticipated 0.3. Jobless claims exceeding 240,000 have played their part, although there exist some reservations regarding the seasonal adjustment factors due to the manner in which raw data has seeped into adjusted data over the preceding two years.

Specifically, there is a noticeable spike and subsequent fall in numbers for the months of July/August which is apparent in raw figures and strangely enough, also in the adjusted figures. This indicates an inclination of potential exaggeration in the hike in claims observed today, based on the adjustments applied.

These lingering uncertainties may be influencing the bond market’s wavering conviction regarding the speed of this morning’s rally. Regardless, it appears as though yields have established a firm baseline when attempting to better yesterday’s peak levels.

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“Exploring the Shift in Mortgage Market Dynamics: A Recap of April 23, 2024 Events”

Tuesday’s trading session notably outperformed and was significantly more engaging than that of Monday’s rather dull one. The bond market showed more verve and movement closer to recent averages, accented by volatility guided by data. Notably, volatility isn’t always predictable, but this time it favored investors as S&P PMI results for both Manufacturing and Services sectors underperformed expectations. This wasn’t an earth-shattering shift, but certainly a more significant sway than what we observed on Monday. Interestingly, even before this data was revealed, yields were steadfastly bobbing below the 4.65 technical level. This merely secured the existing trend of lateral movement that’s been observed since mid-last week.

Key Economic Data and Events:

– The S&P Services PMI came in at 50.9, compared to a forecast of 52.0.
– The S&P Manufacturing PMI recorded a figure of 49.9, under the anticipated 52.0.

Market Movements Recap:

– At 09:58 AM, despite weaker overnight figures, losses were compensated following the PMI data. The 10-year yield was down 2.6bps at 4.584. The MBS showed no change in 6.0 coupons, but was up 6 ticks (.19) from the lowest record.
– By 10:31 AM, MBS had come up to speed with the rally, standing 5 ticks (.16) higher. The 10-year yield saw a fall of 3.2bps, reaching 4.578.
– At 01:12 PM, a strong 2-year auction brought the market near its best levels. The 10-year yield hovered at 4.573, down by 3.7bps. The MBS noted an upward shift of 6 ticks (.19).
– At 03:25 PM, the best levels experienced a minimal drop, with MBS up by an eighth on the day. The 10-year yield fell by a minimal 1bp to 4.60.

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“Exploring Mortgage Rate Volatility: A Comprehensive Recap of March 21, 2024 Market Movements”

Economic data from recent events continues to maintain the status quo in the bond market. A surface level view might suggest that significant catalysts for momentum are absent, yet on a more in-depth analysis, it’s observable that bonds were notably more robust prior to this morning’s data release. The weak start could be incidental, but the reaction post-9:45am to the PMI data was unmistakable in terms of trade volume and market turbulence, despite it mainly aligning with predictions. Some experts point towards the rising “confidence” index at a 22-month peak in the services domain as the primary cause. Meanwhile, the market’s attention is steadily turning towards the PCE data set to be announced next Friday.

Regarding other specific Economic Data/Events, there were significant changes like – the Philly Fed Index jumped to 3.2 from the forecasted -2.3, and the previous 5.2. Also, the Jobless Claims decreased to 210K against the projected 215K, and Continued Claims witnessed a minor increase. The S&P Services PMI stood at 51.7, slightly below the forecast.

The market movement recap indicates fluctuations in the 10-year rate and the MBS. Despite these changes, the overall market remained stable, displaying very minimal shifts throughout the day.

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“Exploring the March 2024 MBS Market: A Comprehensive Morning Analysis”

The Federal Reserve is facing a challenging predicament due to consecutive months of stubborn inflation data that doesn’t align with the preferred trajectory. Ideally, core inflation would have continued to fade as witnessed in 2023, but it remains above a level that would give the Fed reassurance of a return to a 2% rate. This divergence is likely to be addressed in different ways and particularly during the press conference.

Another key concern is the planned Federal rate reductions for 2024. Originally, three cuts were anticipated in December while market observers are still forecasting between 2 to 3 reductions. Much attention will likely be paid to the dot plot because of this. The market is perhaps over invested in the Fed’s inclination to adjust the Fed Funds Rate earlier than projected. While it was more open to embracing this idea when core inflation was below 3% and decreasing, it is now nearing 3.5% and increasing. This shift in tone in connection with the dot plot and press conference will certainly be a key point of focus.

Regarding the dot plot, while the inflation trend hasn’t significantly transformed since December, there has been a shift across several consecutive reports. It’s entirely plausible for an average Fed member to foresee one fewer cut by the year-end, subsequently moving the median dot up by 0.25.

However, should the Fed remain optimistic about inflation, and only half the dots move up by 0.25, the median would still increase by the same amount. The diagram illustrates how, even with half of each row moving up by 0.25, the median would still shift in the same direction. As a result, several Fed members would need to raise their forecast by more than 0.25 to move the median beyond 0.25.

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